She never tried to follow up her first successful book. Though opinions vary(many people dispute with it), the book rose above censure to become an American icon(Encyclopedia, n.pg). She is Nelle Harper Lee, the person who thinks about humanity under American slavery and wrote the book, To Kill a Mockingbird.
Five Fascinating Details About the Media Mogul Who May Have Written “Mary Had a Little Lamb”
2 — The ranking of Thanksgiving on the list of America’s favorite holidays. Christmas is No. 1.
This book completed in 1959 and published in 1960. Then it won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1961. It was also made into an Oscar-winning film in 1962. Otherwise, she published another book "Go Set a Watchman" which was written before "To Kill a Mockingbird" and portrays the later lives of the character. But it did not get a such success like "To Kill a Mockingbird". (Encyclopedia, P287)
Everywhere that Sarah Josepha Hale went， success was sure to go
Actually, she can write To Kill a Mockingbird is deeply related to her growing environment and personality. Lee was born at April 28, 1926 in a small town. She enjoyed reading Jane Austen, Charles Lamb, and Robert Louis Stevenson. However, she was only able to go to a communiversity at first. Then she went to the University of Alabama of law at Tuscallosa in 1947. Surprisedly, She left the University of Alabama six months short of completing her law degree, although she later was awarded an honorary degree by that institution. After that, Lee traveled to England as an exchange student Oxford University. Through her experience of her education, we can figure out a persist earnest girl, realize herself depending on effort. She was not a talent, just always in progress.(Encyclopedia, P220)
By Erin Blakemore
2 — The maximum number of days the U.S. Department of Agriculture suggests keeping a fresh turkey before cooking it.
When Lee began composing To Kill a Mockingbird, the years 1933 to 1935 took place Great Depression and racial tensions were running high in the South as a whole, especially in Alabama. The Scottsboro incident happened there in 1931. Nine young black men, falsely accused of raping two white women on board a train. Then eight sentenced to death, the youngest at age 13, to life imprisonment. It sparked a mass defense movement. Lee is said to have been influenced greatly by it. (Telgen, P295)
As a result, she wrote down To Kill a Mockingbird which contains her thinking of prejudice and tolerance, guilt and innocence. In the book when the children receive guns for Christmas, Atticus tells them it is all right to shoot at blue jays, but "it's sin to kill a mockingbird". As Miss Maudie explains, it would thoughtlessly cruel to kill innocent creatures that "don't do one thing but music for us to enjoy."(Telgen, P295) From human appeared, this kind of topics never stop arguing. To Kill a Mockingbird is an essence and revivification base on reality. It becomes southerners in the 1960s objected to its portrayal of white people and leads teenagers learn more about that period.
May 24， 2016
2.5 — The number in miles of the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade available for public viewing.
Many people praise her a lot, though the latter result was hardly a leap from obscurity. "In her first novel, Harper Lee writes with gentle affection, rich humor and deep understanding of small-town family life in Alabama," wrote Frank H.Lyell in the New York Times Book Review. Truman Capote raved to George Plimpton of the New York Times Book Review that Lee was "a gifted woman, courageous, and with a warmth that instantly kindles most people, however suspicious or dour."
Did Sarah Josepha Hale write “Mary’s Lamb，” the eternal nursery rhyme about a girl named Mary with a stubborn lamb companion？ The jury is still out—but it’s clear that the woman reputed for writing it was one of America’s most fascinating characters。 In honor of the poem’s publication on May 24， 1830， here’s more about the supposed author’s life：
In contract, some reviewers considered the book's ending to be overly dramatic and unnecessarily violent and as Lee depicted American society under slavery, they wanted to ban it to students. A concerned mother of a pupil exposed, "I'm not disputing this is great literature. But there is so much racial slurs in there and offensive wording that you can't get past that, and right now we are nation divided as it is." (National Review, n.pg) Moreover, others questioned the accuracy of the narrator's voice, the young Scout. "The praise Miss Lee deserves must be qualified somewhat by noting that oftentimes expository style has a processed, homogenized, impersonal flatness quite out of keeping with the narrator's gay, impulsive approach to life in youth," Lyell wrote.(Encyclopedia, n.pg)
She was one of America’s most powerful media moguls。。。
4 — Americans celebrate Thanksgiving every year on the fourth Thursday of November.
While small defects cannot obscure great virtues, Lee's reputation even has grown since the debut of her remarkable novel(Encyclopedia, P287). To Kill a Mockingbird reflects her concern about the slavery, racism and understanding of prejudice and guilt. She seems to suggest that children have a natural instinct for tolerance and understanding; only as they grow older do they learn to react to differences with fear and disdain. It really affects a great number of people.
Forget Oprah—in the 19th century， there was one queen of media， and her name was Sarah Josepha Hale。 She first plunged into national prominence as one of the nation’s first published women novelists and poets。 Her book Northwood： Or， Life North and South advocated that slaves be relocated to Liberia rather than continue to toil in the U.S。 It attracted the attention of a Boston reverend who invited the recently widowed Hale to edit the Ladies’ Magazine， a new magazine aimed at fashionable women。
In 1837， Hale’s magazine was acquired by Louis Godey， who also owned the popular Lady’s Book， and Godey’s Lady’s Book， the new publication that emerged， quickly became America’s most influential magazine。 At its height， the magazine had over 150，000 subscribers， was widely read by men and women， and featured some of the nation’s best literary talent， like Edgar Allan Poe and Harriet Beecher Stowe。
5-5.5 — The number of hours it takes to cook a stuffed 22- to 24-pound turkey in an oven set to 325 degrees Fahrenheit.
"To Kill a Mockingbird." Novels for Students, edited by Diane Telgen, vol. 2, Gale, 1997, pp. 285-307. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?
Known as much for its fashion plates and dress patterns as its uplifting poetry and edifying articles， the magazine was in print for another 70 years。 Hale herself was at its helm for 40—enough time to become the most influential arbiter of fashion， culture and American female taste of her time。 She used her influence not just to tell women what to wear， but how to think。
"Harper Lee." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. 20, Gale, 2004, pp. 220-222. PowerSearch, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?
…but Hale didn’t think women should vote。
11-12 — The number of hours it takes to thaw a frozen 22- to 24-pound turkey in cold water. Compare that with the 5? to six days it takes to thaw in the refrigerator.
"'I'm not disputing this is great literature,' said the concerned mother of a pupil exposed to The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and To Kill a Mockingbird." National Review, 31 Dec. 2016, p. 12. Opposing Viewpoints In Context, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?
Was Hale a feminist？ The term is so laden with modern meaning that it’s hard to apply to a powerful woman like Hale。 But though Hale supported everything from women’s education to employment， she though that women’s powers were intended to be used subtly。 Not only did she oppose women’s suffrage， but she thought that women were better off wielding what she called a “secret， silent influence” on men instead of entering politics on their own。
The magazine juggernaut that Hale helmed impressed similar values on women， emphasizing the importance of a separate sphere in which women could reign over domestic issues and affect the behaviors of others through their own deportment。 But though Hale’s magazine reinforced gender stereotypes， historians have argued that the “separate sphere” it upheld was actually a place where women could experience what little power and autonomy was available to them during the 19th century。
36 — The number of years it took magazine editor Sarah Josepha Hale to crusade for an annual Thanksgiving holiday. National and local days of thanksgiving had been celebrated over the years, but President Abraham Lincoln finally proclaimed the fourth Thursday in November Thanksgiving in 1863.
She fought a fierce battle to make Thanksgiving a national holiday
Hale wasn’t just a writer： She was also a fierce social advocate。 Born in New Hampshire， she was particularly obsessed with an idealized idea of New England， which she associated with abundant Thanksgiving meals that she claimed had “a deep moral influence。” Using the platform provided by Godey’s Lady’s Book， she began a national campaign to have a national holiday declared that would bring families together while celebrating the glorious festivals of yore。 No matter that the first Thanksgiving was celebrated by a privileged few in a time of rampant starvation and the suppression of Native Americans—Hale wanted her Thanksgiving。 And in 1863， after 17 years of advocacy including letters to five presidents， Hale got it。 President Abraham Lincoln， embroiled in the Civil War， issued a proclamation setting aside the last Thursday in November for the holiday。
46 million — The estimated number of turkeys eaten in the United States on Thanksgiving 2012.
She once preserved a Boston monument with an epic craft fair
Though Hale’s legacy today revolves around putting turkey and mashed potatoes on tables everywhere， her interests extended to other New England icons。 In 1840， Hale organized the mother of all craft fairs at Boston’s Quincy Market。 The seven-day fair raised a whopping $30，000 to finish the building of an ornate obelisk to commemorate the Battle of Bunker Hill。 That’s the equivalent of fundraising nearly $800，000 today。
46.3 million — The estimated number of Americans who will be traveling for the Thanksgiving holiday in 2014, according to AAA.
Her nursery rhyme was inspired by actual events
The true authorship of “Mary’s Little Lamb” is disputed。 According to the New England Historical Society， Hale wrote only part of the poem， but claimed authorship。 The poem was included in Hale’s book Poems for our Children， which she intended “to inculcate moral truths and virtuous sentiments” to families and children。
50 million — The approximate number of people who typically watch the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade on television.
Regardless of the author， it seems that the poem was inspired by a real event。 When young Mary Sawyer was followed to school by a lamb in 1816， it caused a commotion。 A bystander named John Roulstone wrote a doggerel about the events。 The verse was so popular that eventually Mary sold the lamb’s wool for a higher price based on its fame。 It earned $60， which was used to help rebuild Boston’s Old South Church。 At some point， Hale herself seems to have co-opted the verse—though， if a 1916 piece by her great-niece is to be trusted， Hale called fraud， claiming that “some other people pretended that some one else wrote [the poem]” for the rest of her life。
65 — Percentage of Americans surveyed who said eating Thanksgiving leftovers is more important than eating their regular Thanksgiving meal.
67 — The number of years between 1947, the first National Thanksgiving Turkey presentation at the White House, and Thanksgiving 2014.
69 — The approximate percentage of Thanksgiving Day fires caused by cooking.
73 — The number of years between 1941, when Congress decided that the fourth Thursday in November would be observed as Thanksgiving Day and a federal legal holiday, and Thanksgiving 2014.
88 — The approximate percentage of Americans who eat turkey on Thanksgiving Day, according to a National Turkey Federation survey.
90 — The number of years between 1924, when the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade took place, and Thanksgiving 2014. It was originally called the Macy’s Christmas Parade.
94 — The number of years between the first NFL Thanksgiving Day games in 1920 and Thanksgiving 2014.
151 — The number of years between October 3, 1863, when Lincoln proclaimed a national annual Thanksgiving Day, and Thanksgiving 2014.
225 — The number of years between 1789, when President George Washington issued a proclamation naming November 26 a day of national thanksgiving, and Thanksgiving 2014.
393 — The number of years between 1621, when the first Thanksgiving was observed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, and Thanksgiving 2014. A good harvest led Plymouth Colony Gov. William Bradford to plan a festival to give thanks. Around 90 Native Americans attended.
4,500 — The average number of calories you might consume on Thanksgiving, according to the Calorie Control Council. That’s 3,000 for the meal, and another 1,500 for snacking and nibbling.
100,000-plus — Questions typically answered by the Butterball Turkey hotline every November and December.
92.1 million — Black Friday shoppers in 2013.
205 million — The number of turkeys raised in the United States in 2013.