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2018年6月英语六级选词填空源文

2019-10-14 18:40

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级选词填空源文:

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She never tried to follow up her first successful book. Though opinions vary(many people dispute with it), the book rose above censure to become an American icon(Encyclopedia, n.pg). She is Nelle Harper Lee, the person who thinks about humanity under American slavery and wrote the book, To Kill a Mockingbird.

  Five Fascinating Details About the Media Mogul Who May Have Written “Mary Had a Little Lamb”

2 — The ranking of Thanksgiving on the list of America’s favorite holidays. Christmas is No. 1.

This book completed in 1959 and published in 1960. Then it won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1961. It was also made into an Oscar-winning film in 1962. Otherwise, she published another book "Go Set a Watchman" which was written before "To Kill a Mockingbird" and portrays the later lives of the character. But it did not get a such success like "To Kill a Mockingbird". (Encyclopedia, P287)

  Everywhere that Sarah Josepha Hale went, success was sure to go

2——美国人民最喜欢的节假日,感恩节排名第二,第一是圣诞节。

Actually, she can write To Kill a Mockingbird is deeply related to her growing environment and personality. Lee was born at April 28, 1926 in a small town. She enjoyed reading Jane Austen, Charles Lamb, and Robert Louis Stevenson. However, she was only able to go to a communiversity at first. Then she went to the University of Alabama of  law at Tuscallosa in 1947. Surprisedly, She left the University of Alabama six months short of completing her law degree, although she later was awarded an honorary degree by that institution. After that, Lee traveled to England as an exchange student Oxford  University. Through her experience of her education, we can figure out a persist earnest girl, realize herself depending on effort. She was not a talent, just always in progress.(Encyclopedia, P220)

  By Erin Blakemore

2 — The maximum number of days the U.S. Department of Agriculture suggests keeping a fresh turkey before cooking it.

When Lee began composing To Kill a Mockingbird, the years 1933 to 1935 took place Great Depression and racial tensions were running high in the South as a whole, especially in Alabama. The Scottsboro incident happened there in 1931. Nine young black men, falsely accused of raping two white women on board a train. Then eight sentenced to death, the youngest at age 13, to life imprisonment. It sparked a mass defense movement. Lee is said to have been influenced greatly by it. (Telgen, P295)

  smithsonian.com

2——美国农业部建议,在烹饪前新鲜火鸡的保质期最多是两天。

As a result, she wrote down To Kill a Mockingbird which contains her thinking of prejudice and tolerance, guilt and innocence. In the book when the children receive guns for Christmas, Atticus tells them it is all right to shoot at blue jays, but "it's sin to kill a mockingbird". As Miss Maudie explains, it would thoughtlessly cruel to kill innocent creatures that "don't do one thing but music for us to enjoy."(Telgen, P295) From human appeared, this kind of topics never stop arguing. To Kill a Mockingbird is an essence and revivification base on reality. It becomes southerners in the 1960s objected to its portrayal of white people and leads teenagers learn more about that period.

  May 24, 2016

2.5 — The number in miles of the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade available for public viewing.

Many people praise her a lot, though the latter result was hardly a leap from obscurity. "In her first novel, Harper Lee writes with gentle affection, rich humor and deep understanding of small-town family life in Alabama," wrote Frank H.Lyell in the New York Times Book Review. Truman Capote raved to George Plimpton of the New York Times Book Review that Lee was "a gifted woman, courageous, and with a warmth that instantly kindles most people, however suspicious or dour."

  Did Sarah Josepha Hale write “Mary’s Lamb,” the eternal nursery rhyme about a girl named Mary with a stubborn lamb companion? The jury is still out—but it’s clear that the woman reputed for writing it was one of America’s most fascinating characters。 In honor of the poem’s publication on May 24, 1830, here’s more about the supposed author’s life:

2.5——公众可以看到的梅西感恩节大游行是2.5公里。

In contract, some reviewers considered the book's ending to be overly dramatic and unnecessarily violent and as Lee depicted American society under slavery, they wanted to ban it to students. A concerned mother of a pupil exposed, "I'm not disputing this is great literature. But there is so much racial slurs in there and offensive wording that you can't get past that, and right now we are nation divided as it is." (National Review, n.pg) Moreover, others questioned the accuracy of the narrator's voice, the young Scout. "The praise Miss Lee deserves must be qualified somewhat by noting that oftentimes expository style has a processed, homogenized, impersonal flatness quite out of keeping with the narrator's gay, impulsive approach to life in youth," Lyell wrote.(Encyclopedia, n.pg)

  She was one of America’s most powerful media moguls。。。

4 — Americans celebrate Thanksgiving every year on the fourth Thursday of November.

While small defects cannot obscure great virtues, Lee's reputation even has grown since the debut of her remarkable novel(Encyclopedia, P287). To Kill a Mockingbird reflects her concern about the slavery, racism and understanding of prejudice and guilt. She seems to suggest that children have a natural instinct for tolerance and understanding; only as they grow older do they learn to react to differences with fear and disdain. It really affects a great number of people.

  Forget Oprah—in the 19th century, there was one queen of media, and her name was Sarah Josepha Hale。 She first plunged into national prominence as one of the nation’s first published women novelists and poets。 Her book Northwood: Or, Life North and South advocated that slaves be relocated to Liberia rather than continue to toil in the U.S。 It attracted the attention of a Boston reverend who invited the recently widowed Hale to edit the Ladies’ Magazine, a new magazine aimed at fashionable women。

4——美国人在每年11月的第四个星期四庆祝感恩节。

Work cited

  In 1837, Hale’s magazine was acquired by Louis Godey, who also owned the popular Lady’s Book, and Godey’s Lady’s Book, the new publication that emerged, quickly became America’s most influential magazine。 At its height, the magazine had over 150,000 subscribers, was widely read by men and women, and featured some of the nation’s best literary talent, like Edgar Allan Poe and Harriet Beecher Stowe。

5-5.5 — The number of hours it takes to cook a stuffed 22- to 24-pound turkey in an oven set to 325 degrees Fahrenheit.

"To Kill a Mockingbird." Novels for Students, edited by Diane Telgen, vol. 2, Gale, 1997, pp. 285-307. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?

  Known as much for its fashion plates and dress patterns as its uplifting poetry and edifying articles, the magazine was in print for another 70 years。 Hale herself was at its helm for 40—enough time to become the most influential arbiter of fashion, culture and American female taste of her time。 She used her influence not just to tell women what to wear, but how to think。

5-5.5——把一只塞满了东西的22到24磅重的火鸡放到325华氏摄氏度的烤箱里要烤5-5.5个小时。

"Harper Lee." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. 20, Gale, 2004, pp. 220-222. PowerSearch, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?

  …but Hale didn’t think women should vote。

11-12 — The number of hours it takes to thaw a frozen 22- to 24-pound turkey in cold water. Compare that with the 5? to six days it takes to thaw in the refrigerator.

"'I'm not disputing this is great literature,' said the concerned mother of a pupil exposed to The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and To Kill a Mockingbird." National Review, 31 Dec. 2016, p. 12. Opposing Viewpoints In Context, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?

  Was Hale a feminist? The term is so laden with modern meaning that it’s hard to apply to a powerful woman like Hale。 But though Hale supported everything from women’s education to employment, she though that women’s powers were intended to be used subtly。 Not only did she oppose women’s suffrage, but she thought that women were better off wielding what she called a “secret, silent influence” on men instead of entering politics on their own。

11-12——在冷水里解冻一只22到24磅的火鸡要11-12个小时。同样在冰箱里解冻的话要5.5-6天。

  The magazine juggernaut that Hale helmed impressed similar values on women, emphasizing the importance of a separate sphere in which women could reign over domestic issues and affect the behaviors of others through their own deportment。 But though Hale’s magazine reinforced gender stereotypes, historians have argued that the “separate sphere” it upheld was actually a place where women could experience what little power and autonomy was available to them during the 19th century。

36 — The number of years it took magazine editor Sarah Josepha Hale to crusade for an annual Thanksgiving holiday. National and local days of thanksgiving had been celebrated over the years, but President Abraham Lincoln finally proclaimed the fourth Thursday in November Thanksgiving in 1863.

  She fought a fierce battle to make Thanksgiving a national holiday

36——杂志编辑莎拉·约瑟法·霍尔花了36年为每年的感恩节改革而奋斗。从国家到地方都在庆祝感恩节,但是亚伯拉罕·林肯总统最终在1863年宣布了11月的第四个星期四为感恩节。

  Hale wasn’t just a writer: She was also a fierce social advocate。 Born in New Hampshire, she was particularly obsessed with an idealized idea of New England, which she associated with abundant Thanksgiving meals that she claimed had “a deep moral influence。” Using the platform provided by Godey’s Lady’s Book, she began a national campaign to have a national holiday declared that would bring families together while celebrating the glorious festivals of yore。 No matter that the first Thanksgiving was celebrated by a privileged few in a time of rampant starvation and the suppression of Native Americans—Hale wanted her Thanksgiving。 And in 1863, after 17 years of advocacy including letters to five presidents, Hale got it。 President Abraham Lincoln, embroiled in the Civil War, issued a proclamation setting aside the last Thursday in November for the holiday。

46 million — The estimated number of turkeys eaten in the United States on Thanksgiving 2012.

  She once preserved a Boston monument with an epic craft fair

4600万——2012年的感恩节,美国人预计吃掉了4600万只火鸡。

  Though Hale’s legacy today revolves around putting turkey and mashed potatoes on tables everywhere, her interests extended to other New England icons。 In 1840, Hale organized the mother of all craft fairs at Boston’s Quincy Market。 The seven-day fair raised a whopping $30,000 to finish the building of an ornate obelisk to commemorate the Battle of Bunker Hill。 That’s the equivalent of fundraising nearly $800,000 today。

46.3 million — The estimated number of Americans who will be traveling for the Thanksgiving holiday in 2014, according to AAA.

  Her nursery rhyme was inspired by actual events

4630万——根据AAA报告,在2014年,估计有4630万的美国人在感恩节出去旅行。

  The true authorship of “Mary’s Little Lamb” is disputed。 According to the New England Historical Society, Hale wrote only part of the poem, but claimed authorship。 The poem was included in Hale’s book Poems for our Children, which she intended “to inculcate moral truths and virtuous sentiments” to families and children。

50 million — The approximate number of people who typically watch the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade on television.

  Regardless of the author, it seems that the poem was inspired by a real event。 When young Mary Sawyer was followed to school by a lamb in 1816, it caused a commotion。 A bystander named John Roulstone wrote a doggerel about the events。 The verse was so popular that eventually Mary sold the lamb’s wool for a higher price based on its fame。 It earned $60, which was used to help rebuild Boston’s Old South Church。 At some point, Hale herself seems to have co-opted the verse—though, if a 1916 piece by her great-niece is to be trusted, Hale called fraud, claiming that “some other people pretended that some one else wrote [the poem]” for the rest of her life。

5000万——在电视上收看梅西感恩节大游行的大概的观众数目有5000万人。

  来源:新东方

65 — Percentage of Americans surveyed who said eating Thanksgiving leftovers is more important than eating their regular Thanksgiving meal.

65——65%参与问卷的美国人称,吃掉感恩节的剩饭比吃掉平常的感恩大餐重要的多。

67 — The number of years between 1947, the first National Thanksgiving Turkey presentation at the White House, and Thanksgiving 2014.

67——从1947年,即第一个在白宫举行感恩节火鸡展示大会到现在2014年已经过了67年。

69 — The approximate percentage of Thanksgiving Day fires caused by cooking.

69——因为烹饪引起的感恩节火灾大概占69%。

73 — The number of years between 1941, when Congress decided that the fourth Thursday in November would be observed as Thanksgiving Day and a federal legal holiday, and Thanksgiving 2014.

73——从1947年,当过会宣布每年11月的第四个星期四是感恩节并且作为法定假日,到现在2014年已有73年。

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88 — The approximate percentage of Americans who eat turkey on Thanksgiving Day, according to a National Turkey Federation survey.

88——根据国家火鸡联盟的调查,在感恩节吃火鸡的美国人占大约88%。

90 — The number of years between 1924, when the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade took place, and Thanksgiving 2014. It was originally called the Macy’s Christmas Parade.

90——在1924年举办第一个梅西感恩节大游行,到现在2014的感恩节已经过去了90年。最初它被称为梅西圣诞大游行。

94 — The number of years between the first NFL Thanksgiving Day games in 1920 and Thanksgiving 2014.

94——1920年第一个NFL感恩节游戏举办至今(2014年),已有94个年头。

151 — The number of years between October 3, 1863, when Lincoln proclaimed a national annual Thanksgiving Day, and Thanksgiving 2014.

151——1863年10月3日,当林肯宣布每年固定的感恩节至今(2014年)已过去了151年。

225 — The number of years between 1789, when President George Washington issued a proclamation naming November 26 a day of national thanksgiving, and Thanksgiving 2014.

225——1789年,乔治·华盛顿总统发布了一个声明,称11月26日为感恩节至今(2014年)已过去了225年。

393 — The number of years between 1621, when the first Thanksgiving was observed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, and Thanksgiving 2014. A good harvest led Plymouth Colony Gov. William Bradford to plan a festival to give thanks. Around 90 Native Americans attended.

393——在1621年,第一个感恩节在普利茅斯和马萨诸塞州举行,至今2014年的感恩节,已经过去了393年。普利茅斯殖民政府的威廉·布拉德福德计划了一次感恩节大丰收庆祝。大概有90个当地的美国人参加了庆典。

4,500 — The average number of calories you might consume on Thanksgiving, according to the Calorie Control Council. That’s 3,000 for the meal, and another 1,500 for snacking and nibbling.

9159金沙游艺场,4500——根据卡路里控制委员会的报告,你在感恩节平均进食的卡路里数是4500。吃饭占3000卡路里,零食和零嘴占了另外1500。

100,000-plus — Questions typically answered by the Butterball Turkey hotline every November and December.

10万+——每年11月和12月,胖子火鸡热线要回答10万多个问题。

92.1 million — Black Friday shoppers in 2013.

9210万——2013年黑色星期五的消费者有9210万人。

205 million — The number of turkeys raised in the United States in 2013.

2亿500万——美国在2013年饲养了2亿500万只火鸡。

(来源:沪江英语)

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